I had used the round pen as a training tool since 1981 when I was first introduced to it by a trainer who would later become my husband.

The pen was used to exercise horses he was fitting for shows and sales as well as for horses he was preparing to train to be ridden.

So much could be accomplished in the round pen and he taught me how to use it to my advantage psychologically as well as physically. It was a tool. Control was so easy to gain over the horse in the confined area.

However, the most important lesson I would learn about the round pen came not from a horse trainer, but from a lion tamer.

The lion tamer never enters into the lions cage expecting the lion to bend to his will.

The lion is always invited into the lion tamer’s realm wherein he does as he is asked.

I began to ask myself what the similarities might be between lions and horses and indeed all animals and what came to light is the acknowledgement of territory.

Territory means little to most human beings, at least not with the significance it has for animals and our First Nations Peoples.

When an animal enters another’s territory he does so with great ceremony. Usually skirting and asking permission, retreating and approaching until permission is granted.

I made it my mission to watch a variety of trainers working in round pens and what I noticed is that the horse acknowledges territory. The horse gives in to the owner of the territory and begins to learn the rules. The more people outside the round pen watching the quicker the horse in the pen will yield.

Horses are prey animals.

People are predators.

No matter how vegan your diet, no matter how big your heart, no matter how much you love horses you are and always will be a predator.

When you enclose a prey animal (round pen) and surround them with predators (people), and show them a hint of softness or safety they will cling to you for survival.

On the other hand I watched a trainer walk in to a round pen that had been being used as living space for a horse over a week or so. The horse kept insisting his rules needed to be followed and obeyed and when the trainer failed to get the horse to comply he turned to the audience and said the horse must have a brain injury and would never be suitable as a safe horse to handle or ride.

There are many more stories to be told about the psychology of the round pen but today I would like to focus on the use of the round pen as a tool to show how little pressure is required to connect with a horse, any horse.


This is Wit.

Wit has had many years of solid daily training.

So much so that he became quite sick of it and when placed on a lunge line would ‘check out’.

His eyes would go blank.

No expression.

He would obediently walk trot and canter reminiscent of a robot.

On this day I decided to talk one of my apprentices through the process of stripping off pounds of pressure with the ‘freedom’ of the round pen as a tool.

With prior knowledge of some of the tools Wit had been trained with we started by using a whip with a small plastic bag on one end to send him off around at a trot.

Using quadrants and the opening and closing of invisible doors we worked our way down to more and more subtle tools…..from the plastic bag, to a cloth flag, to outstretched arms, to no arms….all the way down to no movement from the ‘trainer’ and simply using thought form energy.

All was accomplished in less than 20 minutes without turning a single hair on Wit’s body or causing him to become insecure or confused.


Nearing the end of obvious physical work Jen is using her arm and position to drive Wit to turn to the outside. (step to the right and forward closing those doors tells the horse to move away rather than turn in)



Wit is calmly and quietly staying with Jen as she moves around the pen.



He yawns expressing past experiences and releasing energy long held from same.



With lots of float in the lead Jen and Wit walk toward the barn practicing stopping and starting, not through force or body language, but from thoughts.


Some thorough conscious grooming followed which serves to bond the relationship further.



I would still use the round pen for exercising horses, however I have stopped using it as an area to gain control over……

Think about it…..

My Thoughts on Rescue

I am a proponent of rescue.

If someone or something is in imminent danger I am all for helping provide an avenue to assistance.

This doesn’t mean that I have to be the end stop.

This doesn’t mean that I will forever introduce my dog, cat, horse as my ‘rescue’ as if it is a new breed.

What I want to speak about here is the ‘industry’ and misconceptions around rescuing horses from Auctions and Kill Buyers.

All too often I read or hear about a person or group heading off to an auction to rescue a horse or number of horses from the certainty of death.

Funds as well as new homes are sought in advance whenever possible.

Lots of drama ensues before, during and after such rescue missions.

Heartstrings are pulled in every possible direction.

What I am about to speak about is derived from more than twenty years of attending the Kitchener-Waterloo Stockyards, now known as OLEX, Ontario Livestock Exchange in Ontario Canada.

I attended this sale weekly, sometimes bi-weekly if we were in the market for cattle or goats. Held on Tuesdays it became a place where many life long friendships were made among buyers, sellers and staff.

It was because of these relationships that we became privy to the workings and most especially the ‘kill buyers’ job.

Many horses, on some days more than one hundred, would pass through the weigh scales and be sold by the pound or in some cases off the scales and sold ‘by the dollar’.

Kill Buyers or meat buyers would usually have multiple lot numbers.

He would arrive at the auction with orders to purchase X number of pounds of horse meat which would be bound for a variety of destinations.

This is an important point to keep in mind.

He judges each horse as any meat buyer of any animal would.

Is the horse bony?

In good condition?

Possibly in foal based on a heavy belly if a mare?




Let us say the buyer has three lot numbers. When a horse enters the ring the buyer will decide if he wants it and then he will decide if it is a candidate to ship directly for meat….or on to a facility where it will be fed for a time to bring it up to his standards…..or to yet another facility where it will be offered for sale to the public.

Most if not all of the people we came to know had at least these three categories, if not more. If a horse came through that we were interested in buying we often let the meat buyer bid to his limit and then bid over him OR let him buy it and pay an extra $50.00 or so and adjust the paperwork after the sale.

The meat buyer goes to the sale with orders to buy X number of pounds of horse meat on the hoof.

If you attend the sale to rescue a horse from the meat buyer……

You condemn another.


When you post photos of the horse(s) you rescued you should also post the photos of the horse(s) you therefore condemned because he will fill his order….period.

If you bid against the meat buyer…he laughs at you.


Because you are driving up the cost of horse meat therefore making it a much more lucrative place for horse owners and breeders to send their horses.

This practice does not hurt the bottom line of the meat buyer.

It affects the end product customer only.

We bought hundreds of horses through these auctions.

We never thought of ourselves as rescuers.

We were opportunists.

We would pull into our horse farm on Tuesday afternoons after the sale and often people would be waiting to see what we bought and if something caught their eye they would buy it from us ‘off the trailer’.

Some horses worked their way into our riding stable string and / or into our day camps.

Some became part of our show string.

Others went on to be sold to some very high profile players in the Polo Fields and Hunter / Jumper world.

My hope is that you will ask to see the photos of the horses that did go for slaughter alongside the horses that were rescued.

My hope is that you will understand that the people cleaning up the mess left behind by indiscriminate breeders are not the ones you need to target in order to end horse slaughter.

It ends with the breeders.


The majority of the horses in the above photo were purchased at the Kitchener Waterloo Stockyards or through our contacts at the auction circa 1986 onward…..incredible gems.

None were considered to have been ‘rescued’.



The Way of the Medicine Horse
By Tina Marie Barnes

There is a ‘situation’ I orchestrate from time to time prior to the start of my workshops.
I set up the scenario as follows.
I ask two people who’ve not met before to stand face to face in the center of the room.
Prior to this and unknown to the others I will have taken one of these two aside and given them instructions to approach the other and place their hand on the other person’s nose and rub it. Perhaps stroke the side of the face. Pat the forehead of the other.

They are asked to take their seats after which I ask how this interaction made the group feel.
It never fails that the group find the interaction invasive on a deeply personal level to say the least.
The recipient of the interaction always tells about being startled and not knowing quite how to handle it.
This is precisely the approach people take when meeting horses.
We reach in without asking permission and invade their personal space feeling we have every right to do so.
This is counter to every cell in the horse’s physical, spiritual, emotional, energetic being.
The demonstration is the basis for the lessons I will teach on honoring the horse their way.
It sets the stage for learning how to give the horse, especially those that have been drafted into the realm of healing arts, the necessary opportunity to approach the imbalanced energy of the client on their own time.
At the Medicine Horse Sanctuary we manage the herd in such a way that no matter where the horses are when a client or group of clients arrive the horses have the ability to stay away from the client(s) until such time as the group energy has entrained to the highest level possible. At that time the horses signal to the facilitator(s) that they are ready to have clients approach if they are stabled or held in a confined area.
If the herd is out in a natural environment such as a pasture the clients are kept a distance away allowing the horses to approach individually or en masse if they feel inclined and only when they feel such an inclination.
We mimic as best we can the way horses integrate a new member to their herd society.
As someone who has studied domestic herd behavior (since 1981) , with a special emphasis on integration of all breeds, ages, sizes, sexes I have been able to map and identify methods that horses we learned to call Medicine Horses within the ever changing herd used to retain balance in their society.
These horses came from all walks of horse life. Private purchases, our own breeding programs but more than most, some 600 or so over the years, were purchased from the local auctions especially the Kitchener-Waterloo Stockyards now known as Ontario Livestock Exchange.
We were regulars at the auctions spending two to three days per week buying selling and trading horses.
No matter the breed of horse we were able to predict with certainty the methods the Medicine Horses would use to keep the newcomer(s) separate from the main body of the herd but more importantly the methods used to integrate the new horse into the society.
It is these methods we replicate.
We mimic the ‘distance’ by keeping visitors to the healing herd separate until one or more members of the herd signal us to come closer.
In the meantime the herd will be moving in predictable patterns, feeling the energy.
They are measuring magnetic and electrical circuits and capabilities.
Acknowledging the presence of a flicker of pain here.
The nuance of a restriction there.
Sensing sadness.
Feeling restrictions through the heart, the arms, and the hands.
Noticing pain in lower back, knee joints, ankles and hips.
All the while moving here, standing there, laying down and rolling, raising and lowering the head.
Flicking an ear…..yawning…..
Rubbing a muzzle down a leg….grounding heart.
Opening heart to allow more flow of Source Energy.
Rubbing the top of the head on the same leg or perhaps the other……moving energy off the brow and top of the head.
Relieving a headache.
Mitigating the symptoms of schizophrenia or Alzheimer’s.
Rocking from left hind leg to right hind leg…dropping a hip….moving the energy from lower back through hips to ground……passing gas. Pooping. Peeing.
Grounding. Grounding. Grounding.
Moving restricted energy causing pain in the visitor’s body.
There are many movements and combinations of movements the Medicine Horses make in order to restore balance in the visitor. The new horse. You and I.
Equine Tai Chi.
Every movement has deep 100% predictable meaning and outcome.
When the Medicine Horses create balance and ‘groundedness’ in beings within their energy field they feel better.
When the circuits are open and flowing they receive hits of feel good chemicals….and so do their visitors.
Horses are able to individuate and become One at will and they selflessly take you on the journey to One as they accomplish their goal of bringing you into a balanced, open and grounded state.
In the majority of equine facilitated wellness programs the therapy horses are desensitized to levels that curtail the ability of the horse to feel.
Clients are encouraged to engage with the horses in ways that push the horse to shut down the magical parts of his knowingness.
Some therapy horses are trained to move on cue, stop on cue, back up, come close….all designed to give the client a feeling of powerful mastery over.
Encouraging clients to have better self-esteem.
Teaching them to set clear boundaries.
Respecting boundaries begins with respecting the boundaries our equine partners, indeed masters, wish we would respect.
We’ve only to glance a photo of a ‘therapy horse’ standing rigid, ears laid back and neck braced while a ‘troubled client suffering from trauma’ rests their hand on the horse’s shoulder to know that the horse’s boundaries are not being honored or even noticed at all.
It doesn’t have to be this way.
Let the horses lead the way.
They won’t let you down.

Why I Don’t Hand Feed

When I wear my equine behaviorist hat I am usually attending a call to help horse owners who have horses with dangerous issues.

Dangerous to the humans usually but sometimes dangerous to other horses.
I can easily say that the majority of cases can all be traced back to hand feeding, reward training, and/or hand to muzzle playfulness or petting.

The reason is straight up simple.

When horses meet, even if from across a large field, they begin to assess each other’s position in the relationship.
This can look like posturing, the neck arches, head tucks in toward chest, movement becomes more upward than forward…puffing up to their fullest potential.
As the horses close the gap between them the language begins to shift and in some cases the horses will swing to meet hind end to hind end with a full on kicking match. This is especially typical of mares meeting.
Stallions and gelding tend to meet head on muzzle to muzzle, eye to eye remaining in the full blown posturing position.
The dialogue I want to talk about here that relates directly to hand feeding is this:
In the first instants of muzzle to muzzle contact the horses are deciding if the other is a threat to them or perhaps a potential playmate.
If they meet muzzle to muzzle eye to eye a small nip or series of nips will be given and if one horse steps back and away he has relinquished leadership to the other horse.
If neither steps back and away the ‘nips’ escalate upward in intensity to stronger bites, to striking, to biting hard on the shoulders, to biting behind the front legs in order to bring the other horse down and make him step away. From there the escalation moves to biting below the eye of the other horse and finally rearing and biting down on the top of the other horse’s head or clamping down hard and holding on to the withers of the other horse.
Eventually one or the other will give in and step back and away and the herd order is set…for the time being.
Often the initial muzzle to muzzle contact will simply be invitation to play.
No battle for herd order is necessary.
It’s all just fun.
What is horse play?
Running, biting, striking, rearing, kicking, swinging and bashing heads.
When we reach out to the horse’s muzzle with our hand we are replicating the muzzle to muzzle contact that horses use to communicate dozens of messages.
For the majority of ‘well trained’, ‘desensitized’ ‘bomb proof’ horses this contact has become meaningless.
In my world these horses fall mid-range as being neither extremely intelligent or as having an extreme survival need. In other words horses that would be on the top of or the bottom of the pecking order.
These two ends of the spectrum will make up the horses that are the most difficult to train.
Neither bend easily to the will of man.
They are not compliant.
Successful trainers who have the pick of horses to train will often use scaling techniques to choose compliant horses.
Given the choice of several horses that are all ‘equal’ in his eyes as for their intended use the trainer will determine trainability.
Sometimes this is determined quickly by applying light pressure to the bridge of the nose of the horse to see if he ‘gives’ or pushes back.
If he ‘gives’ he is compliant.
If he ‘pushes back’ he is not as compliant on the scale.
If he pushes back and pressure is applied again and he gives he is rated accordingly and so on.
When we hand feed or play with the muzzle and we ‘ask for play’ and the horse obliges by nipping, or biting, or striking, or chasing us out of his stall or paddock we become upset with his behavior and usually punish the horse by hitting back…which unfortunately is still play to most horses which causes his play to magnify in intensity.
This is when some horses become dangerous.
A good number of horses I have worked with due to these issues have been slated for destruction and by that I mean either shipped off to the ‘killers’ or euthanized.
I am not usually the first person people call in..
I am usually the last effort to help the horse.
It is hard for someone like me to watch the slippery slope well intentioned people are sending their horses down and not say anything so I hope this platform will reach some ‘well intentioned’ eyes and ears.
Recently I watched a man who was visiting the facility where I keep my horses as he interacted with another boarder’s horse. He began by stroking the horse nicely along the side of the head and worked his way down to the muzzle and ‘massaged’ the muzzle. He opened his hand and allowed the horse to rake his palm with his teeth with enough pressure that it required effort on the man’s part to hold steady.
When he took his hand away the horse bit his jacket sleeve.
The man swiped the horse’s head away from him.
Not a hit, just a swipe with his arm to ‘brush him away’.
The horse responded by immediately swinging his head back in and grabbed the man’s jacket in his teeth.
To the horse biting clothing is no different than biting flesh or bone.
If you allow one, you condone the other.
This is the beginning of the slippery slope.
The swipe of the arm becomes the smack on the face eventually turning into harder hits to try to keep the horse from coming close enough to bite or in an attempt to teach it not to bite.
For this adult grown man this was simply playing, interacting with the horse.
To a smaller person, a woman, a child or an elder this is anything but play.
I’ve watched this horse lunge at small children as they pass by his paddock if they have fed a carrot to the horse nearby.
Near misses and sadly it is 100% not the horse’s fault.
It is important to me and our clients that our therapy horses have quiet mouths.

It is important that the horses not be searching for apples and carrots while being in close contact with the frail elders, small children or those who are simply afraid of the physical size of the horse.
So important.

I am often laughed at for my stance on this issue, called peculiar by some.

Others say ‘go ahead and feed her horses, she won’t know the difference’

But my horses tell me every time. No exception.
Thank you for reading.

Starting Where They Are At

I’ve been asked to write about how I begin to work with a horse who has been handled in what would be viewed as a relatively normal way. So in other words a horse that has been trained through various types of pressure and corrections. The types of pressure can be quite simply whips, carrot sticks, lead chains, flags and other means by which people have engaged with the horse in order to have it do what they want it to do.

My way is to use ‘energy thought forms arising’ without body language, verbal commands or props such as those mentioned above. The energy thought form comes before a picture in your mind forms! This is important to know because you cannot correct a horse for anticipating a cue that you are beginning to think about giving!! He already has the cue!

In order to begin to work with a horse that is used to seeing what people do rather than connecting in the way horses do with one another I will use whatever method the horse is used to at that time. So in other words I start where he is at BUT and this is a big but I always offer the thought form arising first.

If the horse is used to 100 pounds pressure, I’ll offer the thought form first and move up the scale of pressure until.

‘Until’ is the moment the horse begins to search for the source of the conversation and seeks to connect with my mind.

I’ll strip off the pounds of pressure until we are free to send thought forms to one another.

Many people talk about ‘join up’ but have never truly experienced it.

When I am called out to help with a troubled horse I carry all of the usual paraphernalia many trainers carry but my intention is to not use them….at least not for long.

My energy and my ability to expand and contract it is my flag, my whip, my carrot stick.

Standing in the center of a field and ‘calling the horses to be with you’ without sound or movement and they come is join up.

Standing in the middle of a show grounds with a frightened loose horse heading to the highway and the horse is unknown to you but when you send it an offer of a soft place to land and it does a 180 degree turn at full gallop toward you and stops just in time to bury its head in your chest…that is join up. No sticks. No whips. No words. No pressure. Try it.

They made me…

wit deep

Wit was last to be groomed this morning. I brushed his body and went to do his face. As is usual for him his head went up in the air as far as it could. I slipped my handy little rope on him and asked him to please bring it down, reminding him I am short and cannot reach when he imitates a giraffe. I’ve been taking my time with him. There are very quick ways to bring a horse’s head down and as a trainer I’ve likely used most of them. Some nice, some not so nice. Today I asked with a little pressure and he brought it down, but what he told me when he did so brought tears to my eyes and his. He said…”they made me”. His eyes stared off into the distance and he kept repeating over and over…”they made me”. We processed that for quite some time. Waves of emotion bubbled up and tears streamed from his eyes. I told him it’s not like that here. He told me he knows that and he is finally starting to really believe it. He kept his head down while I stroked his ears…and then he said something I will never forget. “Some people are learning how to become ‘zen’ with horses. You are teaching people how to BE ZEN FOR THE HORSES”. So, sometimes it hurts to hear what the horses have to say but sometimes it feels so good I could burst!
More times than I care to remember, horses have told me ‘They made me’…. It is a very common thing for race horses and games horses to tell me. They’ll show me pictures of whippings, their eyes rolling in fear and pain.
In Wit’s case it was constant repetitive attempts to frame with force that kept coming into his mind. People who had no ‘feel’ for his mouth or sides.
He has had over a year off from work and still these memories are with him.
There are many ‘for sale’ videos floating around the internet of Wit taken over the years. Some are of him jumping courses and others of flat work. Few show a happy horse. In most he is fighting to be heard.
Fighting to be listened to…..trying to tell people he doesn’t need to be pushed and pulled…trying to tell them less would be more.
No one could hear him.
We hear him loud and clear and look forward to the day he lets down his guard completely and can let go of relating being groomed to the work that would historically follow.
We cheer him on.

Van Gogh Emily Carr and Horses

What do Emily Carr, Vincent Van Gogh and horses have in common?

The way they see their world.

In the works of such artists as Van Gogh and Carr the energy of the landscape is depicted as nearly formless.


It moves.

It has life.

The light behind the formlessness shines through creating more life.

The horse sees his world and everything in it as moving energy.

Objects that we have given form and density in our vision, is formless and alive in theirs.

Emily Carr Forest 1 - 42x30 acrylic on canvas

Even the thickest wall of steel has life and movement to the horse.

They see and sense the vibration.

They witness the molecules moving.

Everything in their world has potential.

The potential to be a predator until proven otherwise.

A rock on the side of the road is just a rock, but not to the horse. To the horse the rock has life and potential. Until the horse has an opportunity to investigate the potential he must assume it is a predator and stay clear of it. His survival depends on it.

Horses see everything in big picture landscape form.

If something is added or removed the entire landscape has changed. The place is no longer the same place.

He is focused on the details but not in the way we assume he is. He is actually focused on the bigger picture.

Lighter colored objects or details leap forward, are larger, closer.

Darker objects recess. A dark spot on the pavement becomes the black hole of Calcutta , a place to be avoided at all costs to ensure survival.

A white spot, including splashes of sunlight must be jumped over or avoided.

They say horses have limited color vision. I disagree.

They show me beautiful colors similar to those most of us see however their’s has an opalescent glow which makes them seem different.

Colors are meaningful to the horse and they see us as colors and formless shapes that change constantly as our emotions and thoughts change.

This is why they sometimes do not seem to recognize us.

I have also just described how many autistic children see their world. If they seem to turn away from you some days and look to you on others ask yourself if you are indeed the same color and shape as you were the day before.